Bundesliga TV listings

Tomorrow friday, 10/7/2022
14:30
  • Bundesliga
Hoffenheim Hoffenheim Werder Bremen Werder Bremen
  • ESPN+
Saturday, 10/8/2022
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen Schalke 04 Schalke 04
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Mainz 05 Mainz 05 RB Leipzig RB Leipzig
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Augsburg Augsburg VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Bochum Bochum Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt
  • ESPN+
12:30
  • Bundesliga
Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund FC Bayern FC Bayern
  • ESPN+
Sunday, 10/9/2022
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach FC Köln FC Köln
  • ESPN+
11:30
  • Bundesliga
Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin Freiburg Freiburg
  • ESPN+
13:30
  • Bundesliga
Stuttgart Stuttgart Union Berlin Union Berlin
  • ESPN+
Friday, 10/14/2022
14:30
  • Bundesliga
Schalke 04 Schalke 04 Hoffenheim Hoffenheim
  • ESPN+
Saturday, 10/15/2022
09:30
  • Bundesliga
VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Stuttgart Stuttgart Bochum Bochum
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Werder Bremen Werder Bremen Mainz 05 Mainz 05
  • ESPN+
12:30
  • Bundesliga
RB Leipzig RB Leipzig Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin
  • ESPN+
Sunday, 10/16/2022
09:30
  • Bundesliga
FC Köln FC Köln Augsburg Augsburg
  • ESPN+
11:30
  • Bundesliga
Union Berlin Union Berlin Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund
  • ESPN+
13:30
  • Bundesliga
FC Bayern FC Bayern Freiburg Freiburg
  • ESPN+
Friday, 10/21/2022
14:30
  • Bundesliga
Mainz 05 Mainz 05 FC Köln FC Köln
  • ESPN+
Saturday, 10/22/2022
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Augsburg Augsburg RB Leipzig RB Leipzig
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund Stuttgart Stuttgart
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Hoffenheim Hoffenheim FC Bayern FC Bayern
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Freiburg Freiburg Werder Bremen Werder Bremen
  • ESPN+
12:30
  • Bundesliga
Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt
  • ESPN+
Sunday, 10/23/2022
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Bochum Bochum Union Berlin Union Berlin
  • ESPN+
11:30
  • Bundesliga
Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin Schalke 04 Schalke 04
  • ESPN+
Friday, 10/28/2022
14:30
  • Bundesliga
Werder Bremen Werder Bremen Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin
  • ESPN+
Saturday, 10/29/2022
09:30
  • Bundesliga
VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg Bochum Bochum
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
FC Bayern FC Bayern Mainz 05 Mainz 05
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Stuttgart Stuttgart Augsburg Augsburg
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
RB Leipzig RB Leipzig Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen
  • ESPN+
12:30
  • Bundesliga
Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund
  • ESPN+
Sunday, 10/30/2022
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Union Berlin Union Berlin Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach
  • ESPN+
11:30
  • Bundesliga
Schalke 04 Schalke 04 Freiburg Freiburg
  • ESPN+
13:30
  • Bundesliga
FC Köln FC Köln Hoffenheim Hoffenheim
  • ESPN+
Friday, 11/4/2022
14:30
  • Bundesliga
Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach Stuttgart Stuttgart
  • ESPN+
Saturday, 11/5/2022
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Mainz 05 Mainz 05 VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Augsburg Augsburg Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund Bochum Bochum
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Hoffenheim Hoffenheim RB Leipzig RB Leipzig
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin FC Bayern FC Bayern
  • ESPN+
12:30
  • Bundesliga
Werder Bremen Werder Bremen Schalke 04 Schalke 04
  • ESPN+
Sunday, 11/6/2022
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen Union Berlin Union Berlin
  • ESPN+
11:30
  • Bundesliga
Freiburg Freiburg FC Köln FC Köln
  • ESPN+
Tuesday, 11/8/2022
12:30
  • Bundesliga
VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund
  • ESPN+
14:30
  • Bundesliga
FC Bayern FC Bayern Werder Bremen Werder Bremen
  • ESPN+
14:30
  • Bundesliga
Stuttgart Stuttgart Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin
  • ESPN+
14:30
  • Bundesliga
Bochum Bochum Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach
  • ESPN+
Wednesday, 11/9/2022
12:30
  • Bundesliga
FC Köln FC Köln Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen
  • ESPN+
14:30
  • Bundesliga
Schalke 04 Schalke 04 Mainz 05 Mainz 05
  • ESPN+
14:30
  • Bundesliga
Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt Hoffenheim Hoffenheim
  • ESPN+
14:30
  • Bundesliga
Union Berlin Union Berlin Augsburg Augsburg
  • ESPN+
14:30
  • Bundesliga
RB Leipzig RB Leipzig Freiburg Freiburg
  • ESPN+
Friday, 11/11/2022
14:30
  • Bundesliga
Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund
  • ESPN+
Saturday, 11/12/2022
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen Stuttgart Stuttgart
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Augsburg Augsburg Bochum Bochum
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Hoffenheim Hoffenheim VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Werder Bremen Werder Bremen RB Leipzig RB Leipzig
  • ESPN+
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin FC Köln FC Köln
  • ESPN+
12:30
  • Bundesliga
Schalke 04 Schalke 04 FC Bayern FC Bayern
  • ESPN+
Sunday, 11/13/2022
09:30
  • Bundesliga
Mainz 05 Mainz 05 Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt
  • ESPN+
11:30
  • Bundesliga
Freiburg Freiburg Union Berlin Union Berlin
  • ESPN+
Friday, 1/20/2023
PD
  • Bundesliga
VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg Freiburg Freiburg
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund Augsburg Augsburg
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt Schalke 04 Schalke 04
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Stuttgart Stuttgart Mainz 05 Mainz 05
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Union Berlin Union Berlin Hoffenheim Hoffenheim
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
FC Köln FC Köln Werder Bremen Werder Bremen
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Bochum Bochum Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
RB Leipzig RB Leipzig FC Bayern FC Bayern
  • ESPN+
Monday, 1/23/2023
PD
  • Bundesliga
Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen Bochum Bochum
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Schalke 04 Schalke 04 RB Leipzig RB Leipzig
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Mainz 05 Mainz 05 Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Augsburg Augsburg Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
FC Bayern FC Bayern FC Köln FC Köln
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Hoffenheim Hoffenheim Stuttgart Stuttgart
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Freiburg Freiburg Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Werder Bremen Werder Bremen Union Berlin Union Berlin
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg
  • ESPN+
Friday, 1/27/2023
PD
  • Bundesliga
Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Schalke 04 Schalke 04 FC Köln FC Köln
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Mainz 05 Mainz 05 Bochum Bochum
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
FC Bayern FC Bayern Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Hoffenheim Hoffenheim Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Freiburg Freiburg Augsburg Augsburg
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Werder Bremen Werder Bremen VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin Union Berlin Union Berlin
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
RB Leipzig RB Leipzig Stuttgart Stuttgart
  • ESPN+
Friday, 2/3/2023
PD
  • Bundesliga
VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg FC Bayern FC Bayern
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Augsburg Augsburg Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund Freiburg Freiburg
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach Schalke 04 Schalke 04
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Stuttgart Stuttgart Werder Bremen Werder Bremen
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Union Berlin Union Berlin Mainz 05 Mainz 05
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
FC Köln FC Köln RB Leipzig RB Leipzig
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Bochum Bochum Hoffenheim Hoffenheim
  • ESPN+
Friday, 2/10/2023
PD
  • Bundesliga
Schalke 04 Schalke 04 VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Mainz 05 Mainz 05 Augsburg Augsburg
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
FC Bayern FC Bayern Bochum Bochum
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Hoffenheim Hoffenheim Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Freiburg Freiburg Stuttgart Stuttgart
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Werder Bremen Werder Bremen Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
FC Köln FC Köln Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
RB Leipzig RB Leipzig Union Berlin Union Berlin
  • ESPN+
Friday, 2/17/2023
PD
  • Bundesliga
VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg RB Leipzig RB Leipzig
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen Mainz 05 Mainz 05
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Augsburg Augsburg Hoffenheim Hoffenheim
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach FC Bayern FC Bayern
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt Werder Bremen Werder Bremen
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Stuttgart Stuttgart FC Köln FC Köln
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Union Berlin Union Berlin Schalke 04 Schalke 04
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Bochum Bochum Freiburg Freiburg
  • ESPN+
Friday, 2/24/2023
PD
  • Bundesliga
Schalke 04 Schalke 04 Stuttgart Stuttgart
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Mainz 05 Mainz 05 Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
FC Bayern FC Bayern Union Berlin Union Berlin
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Hoffenheim Hoffenheim Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Freiburg Freiburg Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Werder Bremen Werder Bremen Bochum Bochum
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin Augsburg Augsburg
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
FC Köln FC Köln VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
RB Leipzig RB Leipzig Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt
  • ESPN+
Friday, 3/3/2023
PD
  • Bundesliga
VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Mainz 05 Mainz 05 Hoffenheim Hoffenheim
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Augsburg Augsburg Werder Bremen Werder Bremen
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund RB Leipzig RB Leipzig
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach Freiburg Freiburg
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Stuttgart Stuttgart FC Bayern FC Bayern
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Union Berlin Union Berlin FC Köln FC Köln
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Bochum Bochum Schalke 04 Schalke 04
  • ESPN+
Friday, 3/17/2023
PD
  • Bundesliga
Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen FC Bayern FC Bayern
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Mainz 05 Mainz 05 Freiburg Freiburg
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Augsburg Augsburg Schalke 04 Schalke 04
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund FC Köln FC Köln
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Hoffenheim Hoffenheim Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach Werder Bremen Werder Bremen
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Stuttgart Stuttgart VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Union Berlin Union Berlin Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Bochum Bochum RB Leipzig RB Leipzig
  • ESPN+
Friday, 3/31/2023
PD
  • Bundesliga
VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg Augsburg Augsburg
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Schalke 04 Schalke 04 Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
FC Bayern FC Bayern Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt Bochum Bochum
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Freiburg Freiburg Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Werder Bremen Werder Bremen Hoffenheim Hoffenheim
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Union Berlin Union Berlin Stuttgart Stuttgart
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
FC Köln FC Köln Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
RB Leipzig RB Leipzig Mainz 05 Mainz 05
  • ESPN+
Friday, 4/7/2023
PD
  • Bundesliga
Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Mainz 05 Mainz 05 Werder Bremen Werder Bremen
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Augsburg Augsburg FC Köln FC Köln
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund Union Berlin Union Berlin
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Hoffenheim Hoffenheim Schalke 04 Schalke 04
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Freiburg Freiburg FC Bayern FC Bayern
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin RB Leipzig RB Leipzig
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Bochum Bochum Stuttgart Stuttgart
  • ESPN+
Friday, 4/14/2023
PD
  • Bundesliga
VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Schalke 04 Schalke 04 Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
FC Bayern FC Bayern Hoffenheim Hoffenheim
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Stuttgart Stuttgart Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Werder Bremen Werder Bremen Freiburg Freiburg
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Union Berlin Union Berlin Bochum Bochum
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
FC Köln FC Köln Mainz 05 Mainz 05
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
RB Leipzig RB Leipzig Augsburg Augsburg
  • ESPN+
Friday, 4/21/2023
PD
  • Bundesliga
Bayer Leverkusen Bayer Leverkusen RB Leipzig RB Leipzig
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Mainz 05 Mainz 05 FC Bayern FC Bayern
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Augsburg Augsburg Stuttgart Stuttgart
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Borussia Dortmund Borussia Dortmund Eintracht Frankfurt Eintracht Frankfurt
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Hoffenheim Hoffenheim FC Köln FC Köln
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Borussia M'gladbach Borussia M'gladbach Union Berlin Union Berlin
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Freiburg Freiburg Schalke 04 Schalke 04
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Hertha Berlin Hertha Berlin Werder Bremen Werder Bremen
  • ESPN+
PD
  • Bundesliga
Bochum Bochum VfL Wolfsburg VfL Wolfsburg
  • ESPN+
More days

Now, there are 180 Bundesliga live televised matches and 1 TV channels will broadcast each and every one of them. The next match you will be able to enjoy is Hoffenheim - Werder Bremen and it will be played next Friday, October 7, 2022 at 8:30 PM televised by ESPN+.

For more information, please access the website of Bundesliga.

The Bundesliga is the first division of football in Germany. It was founded in 1962 to bring together the best clubs in the country in the same tournament. Until then, there were competitions (Oberliga) in each of the major regions: North, West, Southwest, South and Berlin.

Up to 46 teams applied for the inaugural 1963-64 season. The organization chose 16 based on criteria such as the results they had previously achieved, their economic status and having representation from the five Oberliga. After German reunification, Dynamo Dresden and Hansa Rostock entered the top flight directly, while the rest of the clubs of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) did the same in the lower divisions.

The Bundesliga is made up of 18 teams (it is the only one of the five major leagues that has less than 20) that meet twice throughout the season until completing 36 days. At the end, the positions in the classification determine the access to the European competitions. The best four qualify for the Champions League. The fifth disputes the Europa League. The sixth classified goes on to play the Europa Conference League. On the other hand, the two worst descend to the 2. Bundesliga. The third with the fewest points plays a play-off for permanence against the third in the second category. The main tiebreaker is the overall goal difference.

The Bundesliga television rights are managed by DFL Sports Enterprises and are sold domestically in conjunction with those of the 2. Bundesliga and the German Super Cup. Some of the channels that have televised the championship in recent years are Sky Deustchland, Eurosport, DAZN or ZDF. Globally, the tournament is broadcast in more than 200 countries such as the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom or Spain.

One of the peculiarities of German football is the 50 + 1 rule. This rule explains that a Bundesliga club must have the majority of its own voting rights in the hands of fans and partners. The measure was taken to prevent, as happens in other leagues in Europe, people with high purchasing power acquire control and leave institutions with large debts. There are some exceptions like those of Bayer Leverkusen, Wolfsburg and Hoffenheim. The first two were founded by Bayer AG and Volkswagen as sports teams for their own employees. The third has been receiving financial support from Dietmar Hopp, co-founder of SAP for more than 20 years.